BTech is one of the most preferred courses among science students after 12th. It is a four-year undergraduate degree in engineering. In India, you will come across more than 4000 BTech colleges are offering a variety of courses. BTech courses can draw good compensation between Rs. 3 – 20 lakh PA. But, the common confusion among the students is which course to choose from so many varieties.

Here we will share details about some of the popular specializations. The various options available to the aspirants are as follows:-

  • Computer Science and Engineering
  • Information Technology
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Biotechnology and Medical Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering etc.

Although there is no short-cut to sure shot success in any of these fields, it all depends on your skills. The motive is to share with students few options to choose from.

Out of these, we have shortlisted five popular BTech streams for readers here.

Top 5 BTech specializations to choose from

The top 5 specialities that are popular among the aspirants are as follows-

1. Computer Science Engineering or Information Technology-

The IT sector has witnessed tremendous growth in the past decade. It has opened vast opportunities for young aspirants who seek stable income and a respectable job as a software engineer. It is not just the IT firms where software engineers are needed, but almost all the sectors today require an IT professional. They can get a job in companies like Google, Wipro, Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, IBM, TCS etc. and other fields like research, government departments, universities and manufacturing sectors with an impressive pay scale of around Rs. 4.5-6 lakh per annum.

Top Institutes: IITs and NITs, IIIT-Hyderabad, BITS-Pilani.

2. Electrical / Electronic Engineering-

Electrical Engineering deals with the concepts related to electricity and electric machinery. It is one of the most sought after fields of Engineering that will never go out of job requirements. It can get you a job with an average pay scale of Rs. 3 to 5 lakh per annum. Placements are done in public sector companies like Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Bajaj International Private Ltd., Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), and big companies like Reliance, Samsung, Nokia, Sony etc.

Top Institutes: IITs and NITs, Delhi Technological University (DTU) and PEC (Punjab Engineering College) Chandigarh.

3. Mechanical Engineering-

Mechanical Engineering is another field of Engineering since the very beginning and is an evergreen field that never fails to attract a large number of aspirants year after year. Freshers can expect a pay of Rs 1.5 to 3.5 Lakh per annum, keeping in mind great competition due to a large number of applicants. Freshers are recruited in auto majors like Mahindra & Mahindra, Ashoka Leyland, TATA Motors etc. They can also apply to various government sectors like DRDO as per the vacancy notified.

Top Institutes: IITs and NITs, Delhi Technological University (DTU) and BITS-Pilani etc.

4. Civil Engineering

A civil engineer is required to plan the development of roads, buildings, dams, canals, etc. Civil Engineering is a traditional field of engineering that deals with the study of designing and structuring. A fresher in this field can expect an average of Rs. 5-15 lakh per annum in public sectors like Indian Railways, Public Works Department (PWD), DLF, Larsen & Toubro Ltd. etc.

Top Institutes: IITs and NITs, Delhi Technological University, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra and BITS-Pilani

5. Biochemical Engineering-

It is one of the latest additions to the specializations under Engineering courses but a value-addition indeed! It is a programme that offers the chance to both PCB and PCM students after 12th to apply for Engineering since it covers various subjects related to Biology, Technology And Engineering To Improve The Quality Of Healthcare Sector, Food Processing, Pharmaceuticals, etc. A candidate with graduation in biochemical engineering can expect a decent salary of Rs. 2-4 lakh per annum in firms like Cipla, Ranbaxy, Omron etc.

Top Institutes: IITs and NITs, BITS Pilani, VIT Vellore and VELS school of Engineering, Chennai etc.

BTech Course Details-

The following table contains the details of the course for various fields that will help the aspirants know the basic requirements before they take admission into any college or course-

Degree TypeGraduation
Full FormBachelors of Technology
DurationFour years
Age17-22 years
Minimum Qualifying Percentage50% in 10+2 recognised board examination
Subjects RequiredPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics with Computer Science / Electronics / Biology
Average FeesRs. 40,500 – 1.5 lakhs per annum
Admission basisEntrance test
Entrance TestsJEE Mains, JEE Advance, BITSAT, VITEEE, IISER, SET, IPU CET, SET etc

Scope of BTech courses in India

Please find the overall scope of BTech as mentioned below.

BTech CSE: Career Prospects

After pursuing BTech courses, students can get jobs in various industries like:

  • Engineering Companies
  • Academic Institutions, Colleges & Universities
  • Journalism, editing and content
  • Sales and Marketing organizations
  • IT and Software Companies

Top Recruiters of BTech graduates

Some of the top hiring companies of BTech students are:

  • TCS
  • Infosys Technologies
  • IBM
  • Accenture
  • HCL Technologies
  • PWC
  • HSBC
  • Boston Consulting
  • JP Morgan

Academic Scope after BTech

After completing the BTech course, aspirants can pursue MTech in respective streams. After that, students can continue further and move to research fields through PhD.

The wide variety of fields to choose from just reflects the elaborate spectrum to the BTech students to pick up their area of interest. The lucrative profession provides a decent salary, a well-respected position and this is the point of attraction for a large number of applicants every year. It is an ever-growing field that will continue to attract young minds for years to come.

Hope prospective students got a fair idea of some of the popular BTech courses in India and can plan accordingly for the future.